Migration and Development

Opportunities and Challenges for Policymakers

image of Migration and Development

There is growing consensus that international migration can have important impacts on development, and that it is important to develop appropriate and effective policy interventions that will help realize the full potential of international migration. This will require devising measures to harness the developmental potential that emigration from developing countries can bring while, at the same time, ensuring that the depletion of highly skilled workers does not damage development outcomes in the countries of origin. This paper is intended to guide policymakers through some of these challenges.



Key issues in migration and development

The potential impacts of migration on development are complex and multidimensional, and require a multidimensional response from policymakers. As seen in the summary box below, the impacts of migration can be positive or negative, offering opportunities or constraints to economic, social and human development. The effects will vary depending on the country context, its economic and social trends, as well as the scale and characteristics of migration and behaviour of individual migrants. For example, depending on the type and scale of migration, prospects for emigration can either increase or reduce the incentives to invest in education and human capital locally


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