Migration and Development

Achieving Policy Coherence

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Policy coherence between migration and development agendas is of increasing interest in current times; there is growing recognition that migration policies should support rather than hinder investment in international development. The aim of this study is to build on existing international research and take the analysis to the next higher level showing how these connections can be made in practice. Policy makers often focus on remittances as the main means of translating the migration-development nexus into reality. However, this paper shows that there are many stages in the migration cycle, from departure to return and reintegration back home, that present opportunities to make migration more “development friendly” and, conversely, to raise development awareness of migration factors.




Research shows that policy coherence can sometimes occur purely coincidentally, as when migration policies actually support development without this having been their primary aim, yet by that same token rendering policy coherence equally fragile and subject to change; normally a conscious effort at policy coherence is required, and this hard to achieve because of conflicts of interests between the development and migration agendas. Coherence at the institutional level and in terms of coordination between governments requires deliberate efforts and concerted decisions by governments. At the working level, however, coherence may occur almost as a by-product - even if migration policies were not, as such, intended to be development friendly, they may still generate positive development effects.


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