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Migration and Development

Opportunities and Challenges for Policymakers

image of Migration and Development

There is growing consensus that international migration can have important impacts on development, and that it is important to develop appropriate and effective policy interventions that will help realize the full potential of international migration. This will require devising measures to harness the developmental potential that emigration from developing countries can bring while, at the same time, ensuring that the depletion of highly skilled workers does not damage development outcomes in the countries of origin. This paper is intended to guide policymakers through some of these challenges.

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Conclusion

Even this briefest of overviews of the policy context and policy options to manage the development impacts of migration suggest that there is much to be done. Given that the migration-development nexus involves ever more complex flows of people, money and diasporic linkages, the scale of the challenge facing policymakers is immense. One-size-fits-all interventions and “easy wins” will be rare if not impossible in this area. And for any intervention to be effective, there needs to be cooperation from a range of stakeholders, not just policymakers in developed and developing countries, but also multilateral agencies, NGOs and the private sector.

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