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Migration from Latin America to Europe

Trends and Policy Challenges

image of Migration from Latin America to Europe

Part of the IOM Migration Research Series, this study reveals various trends and policy challenges relating to migration from Latin America and the Caribbean to Europe, which has grown rapidly over the last decade. These increased flows calls for strengthened cooperation between the two regions on migration issues, specifically the effective integration of migration issues into the ongoing development cooperation activities and political dialogues.

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Conclusion

Latin American and Caribbean migration to Europe has grown rapidly in the last decade. Southern European countries have received most of the flows, although other European countries have also seen significant increases. Economic hardship caused by the recession and high poverty levels in LAC as well as the tightening of visa regimes in the United States after 11 September 2001, have been major contributing causes for increasing flows. The close cultural and historic ties of LAC countries to Europe as well as the fact that many Latin Americans are returning to Europe by invoking dual nationality have undoubtedly also facilitated such movement. The most recent data on flows from countries receiving most LAC migrants, such as Spain, show that the greatest increases have occurred in only the past two to three years. The existence of what can now be considered a significant LAC diaspora in Europe may itself be driving further migration, and flows are likely to continue increasing in the future.

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