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Mobility of Health Professionals to, from and within the European Union

image of Mobility of Health Professionals to, from and within the European Union

This publication is a shortened version of the summary report “Mobility of Health Professionals: Health systems, work conditions, patterns of health workers’ mobility and implication for policy makers”, which was published in March 2012, in Bonn, Germany, by a consortium led by Dr. Caren Weilandt at the Wissenschaftliches Institut der Ärzte Deutschlands (WIAD, Scientific Institute of the Medical Association of German Doctors). It provides an overview of the outcomes of the MoHProf project that aimed to gather more insights into the processes and effects of mobility of health professionals to, from and within the European Union (EU) and which was carried out under the 7th Framework Programme for Research and Development of the EU.

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Introduction: Mobility of health workers and the mohprof Project

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the world was lacking at least 4.2 million health workers in 2006. This is reflected by prognoses for the United States as well as for the European Union (EU): both expect a shortage of a million health workers by 20201. In the EU, in addition to shortages, health workers are not spread evenly across the region, and spending on health may vary widely. This implies major imbalances, resulting in an environment highly conducive to migration of health workers. Thus, the EU plays a role in the global process of migration of health workers. The enlargement process increased this tendency. Ten countries joined the EU in 2004 (Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia (EU10). Bulgaria and Romania joined the EU in 2007 (EU2). These 12 countries together are referred to in this report as the EU12.

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