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The Role of Regional Consultative Process in Managing International Migration

image of The Role of Regional Consultative Process in Managing International Migration

The past ten years have seen an increase in the number of regional consultative processes focusing on migration. These non-binding fora bring representatives of states, civil society, and international organizations together at the regional level to discuss migration-related issues in a cooperative manner. This paper provides a comprehensive overview of regional consultative processes. It examines eleven regional processes and investigates the development and achievements of four of them in depth.

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Why has a regional consultative approach to migration management emerged?

The emergence of regional consultative processes over the last ten years can perhaps be best understood as a regional-level response to changes in international migration trends and a growing recognition that the current international migration system, which was developed in another era with other determinants, focal points and a completely different balance of power, is no longer appropriate. The international migration system was in place K the early 1950s, when world population was less than lea If that today. At that time, development contrasts between the northern and southern hemispheres were not as stark as they are today, when colonies had not yet become independent and when fully a third of the world’s population lived in an environment of restricted emigration, namely, in a Communist state (Widgren, 1994:2).

English

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