Towards Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration in the Asia-Pacific Region

Challenges and Opportunities

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International migration is a structural feature of an interconnected Asia-Pacific. The number of migrants to and from the region continues to grow, reflecting factors such as changing demographics, economic transformations, and increased connectivity, as well as showing the influence of instability and conflict in the region; meanwhile, the impacts of migration in all countries have grown to become more important; and the means adopted by countries have adapted to try to address these impacts in a positive manner. This report draws from existing research and provides information on the key trends in migration in the region; the drivers of migration; the impacts of migration; and policy responses at national and multilateral level and concludes with recommendations.




International migration has been a key defining feature of external linkages of countries in the Asia-Pacific region for centuries. From migrants travelling in search of markets or goods in the times of the Silk and Spice Routes, to indentured workers sent from Asia to other countries in the region and beyond in the colonial era, to movements in search of education and jobs in the contemporary Asia-Pacific region, the nature of migration has evolved over time. Throughout these periods, the drivers, directions, and pathways of migration have changed, but the role of migration remains in influencing social and economic change, influencing tastes, languages, and cultural practices; building links between disparate places; and helping to shape the history of the region.


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