World Migration Report 2000

image of World Migration Report 2000

International migration has become a global phenomenon involving a wide range of sending, destination, and transit countries and a diverse group of migrants. This report, produced by the United Nations and the International Organization for Migration, provides an authoritative account of contemporary trends, issues, and problems in the field of international migration. It examines the scale of migration and characteristics of international migrants, the types of movements, the contributing factors and policy issues. It also presents regional country profiles examining such issues as: trends in immigration and emigration; the integration of migrants; the consequences of irregular migration; and the extent of interregional cooperation between states.



The Middle East and South Asia

As a migration region, the Middle East and South Asia is one of the most complex in the world today. While it is difficult to make broad generalizations about migration trends in countries as diverse as the Gulf States, Iraq, the Islamic Republic of Iran, Afghanistan, Israel, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka, it is also true that the Middle East and South Asia are linked by history, culture, religion, and migration patterns. International migration is not new to either region, but only relatively recently have the two been brought together by the demand for labour in the oil-rich Middle East and the supply of labour from the highly populated South Asian states. Historically, however, these regions have had both immigration peaks and massive permanent and temporary outflows of population.


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