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World Migration Report 2000

image of World Migration Report 2000

International migration has become a global phenomenon involving a wide range of sending, destination, and transit countries and a diverse group of migrants. This report, produced by the United Nations and the International Organization for Migration, provides an authoritative account of contemporary trends, issues, and problems in the field of international migration. It examines the scale of migration and characteristics of international migrants, the types of movements, the contributing factors and policy issues. It also presents regional country profiles examining such issues as: trends in immigration and emigration; the integration of migrants; the consequences of irregular migration; and the extent of interregional cooperation between states.

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South-East Asia

Migration in South-East Asia presents a variety of forms that reflect the complexity of the region. In addition to out-migration to countries of permanent settlement, the region has temporary labour migration toward the Middle East and Asia as well as labour movements within the region. Throughout the Indo-Chinese refugee crisis the region served as a place of first asylum, and unsettled conflicts still result in temporary outflows of refugees. There are three major migration subsystems in which ad hoc migration policies produced a large number of unauthorized migrants. The recent financial and economic crisis strengthened the resolve of governments to bring unauthorized migration under control; however, bleak economic prospects only increased migration pressure. Long avoided, initial steps toward cooperation on a regional dialogue on migration are now under way.

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