World Migration Report 2005

Costs and Benefits of International Migration

image of World Migration Report 2005

Where are people migrating today and why? What are the implications for the world’s developing and industrialized economies? And what are the key issues facing policy makers in migrant origin, destination, and transit countries? World Migration 2005 analyses the effects of globalization, trade liberalization, economic integration and the widening gap between rich and poor nations on migration flows. It looks at the impact of the world’s 185 million migrants and their potential contribution to socioeconomic development and cultural enrichment both at home and abroad. And it identifies the multidimensional migration management policies needed by governments to create the optimal return to both migrants and society, while minimizing the abuses associated with irregular migration.



Global mobility, HIV and AIDS

In HIV/AIDS the world is facing a crucial social issue, as the pandemic threatens to undo decades of investment in health, education and human resource development. In the countries most affected by AIDS, all economic sectors are affected by a weakened and ultimately dwindling labour force. Societies must find new approaches to care for and socialize millions of children who have seen their parents fall ill and die. Along with migrant health in general, the link between HIV and population mobility is one of the most critical challenges currently confronting governments, donors and humanitarian and development agencies.


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