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World Migration Report 2005

Costs and Benefits of International Migration

image of World Migration Report 2005

Where are people migrating today and why? What are the implications for the world’s developing and industrialized economies? And what are the key issues facing policy makers in migrant origin, destination, and transit countries? World Migration 2005 analyses the effects of globalization, trade liberalization, economic integration and the widening gap between rich and poor nations on migration flows. It looks at the impact of the world’s 185 million migrants and their potential contribution to socioeconomic development and cultural enrichment both at home and abroad. And it identifies the multidimensional migration management policies needed by governments to create the optimal return to both migrants and society, while minimizing the abuses associated with irregular migration.

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International migration trends and patterns in Asia and Oceania

The Asian region has been a primary destination for migrants since the 1960s, and today accounts for some 14 per cent of the world’s total migrant stock (United Nations, 2003).3 Many intra- or interregional migrants in Asia are driven by the need for gainful employment. Some seek refuge from persecution and conflict, others study abroad at higher education institutions. In all cases, the region receives a large share of Asian immigrants, while flows to the US, Europe and Australia are also continuing to rise.

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