World Migration Report 2005

Costs and Benefits of International Migration

image of World Migration Report 2005

Where are people migrating today and why? What are the implications for the world’s developing and industrialized economies? And what are the key issues facing policy makers in migrant origin, destination, and transit countries? World Migration 2005 analyses the effects of globalization, trade liberalization, economic integration and the widening gap between rich and poor nations on migration flows. It looks at the impact of the world’s 185 million migrants and their potential contribution to socioeconomic development and cultural enrichment both at home and abroad. And it identifies the multidimensional migration management policies needed by governments to create the optimal return to both migrants and society, while minimizing the abuses associated with irregular migration.



Migration and the contemporary welfare state

The international debate on migration is often simply one about open borders versus protected societies. On the one side are those who perceive migration primarily as a threat to cherished ways of life and want to close national borders. On the other are those who clamour for open borders and see protective measures as privileges for insiders that block global economic growth. The first use communitarian arguments about the need for strong solidarity to maintain high levels of social protection, while the second use liberal arguments to posit the reverse.


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