World Migration Report 2005

Costs and Benefits of International Migration

image of World Migration Report 2005

Where are people migrating today and why? What are the implications for the world’s developing and industrialized economies? And what are the key issues facing policy makers in migrant origin, destination, and transit countries? World Migration 2005 analyses the effects of globalization, trade liberalization, economic integration and the widening gap between rich and poor nations on migration flows. It looks at the impact of the world’s 185 million migrants and their potential contribution to socioeconomic development and cultural enrichment both at home and abroad. And it identifies the multidimensional migration management policies needed by governments to create the optimal return to both migrants and society, while minimizing the abuses associated with irregular migration.



Benefits and costs of integration - International convergence?

The benefits and costs of migration depend on a broad web of social, cultural and economic factors. As these factors vary from country to country, the benefits and costs of policy and programme interventions also vary. International comparative research offers the best available tool, sometimes the only tool, to evaluate the effectiveness of policies across these variations. It can identify and examine points of convergence and divergence between countries, and draw general lessons from particular circumstances. But while often persuasive, international comparisons need to avoid the simplistic assumption that similar policies and practices will yield similar outcomes across different countries.


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