World Migration Report 2010

The Future of Migration - Building Capacities for Change

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This Report focuses on the future of migration and the capacities that will be required by States, regional and international organizations, civil society and the private sector to manage migration successfully over the coming decades. Ten years ago there were 150 million migrants. Now, the number of migrants has grown to 214 million, and the figure could rise to 405 million by 2050, as a result of demographic disparities, environmental change, global political and economic dynamics, technological revolutions and social networks. This Report argues that it is essential for States to be able to develop the comprehensive knowledge and efficient, flexible institutions that they will need to promote and implement humane and orderly policies for the movement of people, now and in the future.

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Integration can be defined as ‘…the process by which immigrants become accepted into society, both as individuals and as groups’. Integration is a two-way process, involving immigrants and the society in the destination country. Further more, it takes place both at the individual and collective level. A distinction is often made between economic, social and political integration by migrants and migrant communities. A further distinction exists between different ‘models’ of integration– primarily, assimilation and multiculturalism. In some parts of the world, as emphasized in section 3 above, migrants are generally admitted on a temporary basis only, and thus integration is not always intended as a pathway to permanent settlement or citizenship. Key components of integration policy include: labour market policies; policies related to ethnic entrepreneurship and self-employment; support for vocational or professional training; support for education; housing policies; health policies; naturalization policies; and promotion of civic and political participation. Particular attention has been paid in recent years to integration in urban areas, and the role of local and regional governments in the process. The immigrant integration policies adopted in Portugal provide a good example of coordinated and coherent intervention by different stakeholders

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