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World Population Policies 2019

image of World Population Policies 2019

The 2019 edition of the World Population Policies report, a report published biennially since 2003, focuses on Government policies and programmes on international migration. It provides an overview of policies to govern regular migration and to address irregular migration, and reviews an array of policy measures related to migrants’ rights, including access to services, as well as policies to foster the integration of migrants into host societies. The report also examines Government measures to maximise the development impacts of migration and to support diasporas. The 2019 World Population Policies report presents the official Government responses to the module on international migration (module III) of the United Nations Twelfth Inquiry among Governments on Population and Development (the “Inquiry”). The Population Division has been implementing the Inquiry every five years since 1963 as part of its mandate to systematically monitor population policies at the international level.

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International migration governance

International migration is a multidimensional reality that individual States cannot address alone. Instead, it requires cooperation and dialogue between and among countries in order to maximize the benefits of migration and reduce its costs for both countries of origin and countries of destination, as well as for migrants and their families. In addition, it requires a complex framework of institutions, laws and policy measures to ensure coherence across all policy sectors and levels of government. In recent years, a growing number of countries have embraced a whole-of-government approach for migration that promotes policy coherence both vertically across levels of governance and horizontally across policy domains (figure I.1). In addition, countries have increasingly leveraged partnerships with a broad range of relevant stakeholders, including migrants, academia, civil society and the private sector to promote safe, orderly and regular migration.

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