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World Population Policies 2019

image of World Population Policies 2019

The 2019 edition of the World Population Policies report, a report published biennially since 2003, focuses on Government policies and programmes on international migration. It provides an overview of policies to govern regular migration and to address irregular migration, and reviews an array of policy measures related to migrants’ rights, including access to services, as well as policies to foster the integration of migrants into host societies. The report also examines Government measures to maximise the development impacts of migration and to support diasporas. The 2019 World Population Policies report presents the official Government responses to the module on international migration (module III) of the United Nations Twelfth Inquiry among Governments on Population and Development (the “Inquiry”). The Population Division has been implementing the Inquiry every five years since 1963 as part of its mandate to systematically monitor population policies at the international level.

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Forced migration

Refugees are defined as persons who have been forced to flee their country because of persecution, war or violence. Asylum seekers are people who flee their country and seek sanctuary in another country, where they apply for asylum. Asylum seekers must demonstrate that their fear of persecution in their home country is well founded. In recent years, refugees and asylum seekers have increasingly moved alongside migrants as part of mixed flows of people who move for different reasons but who may use similar routes and face similar perils and challenges. Such similarities of everyday experience tend to blur the practical distinction between different groups of international migrants, despite the special status of refugees and asylum seekers that is enshrined in the 1951 refugee convention.

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