Environmental Performance Reviews: Tajikistan

Second Review

image of Environmental Performance Reviews: Tajikistan

The present publication takes stock of the progress made by Tajikistan in the management of its environment since the country was first reviewed in 2004. It assesses the implementation of the recommendations contained in the first review. This second Environmental Performance Review also covers 10 issues of importance to Tajikistan related to policymaking, planning and implementation, the financing of environmental policies and projects and the integration of environmental concerns into economic sectors, in particular the sustainable management and protection of water resources, waste management, climate change, forestry, biodiversity and protected areas and environmental health.

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Sustainable management of water resources

Tajikistan has abundant water resources. However, due to institutional weaknesses as well as inadequate funding and outdated infrastructure in the water sector, there are multiple challenges in the use and protection of water resources. Only some 60 per cent of the population has access to safe drinking water, and there are frequent outbreaks of water-borne diseases, creating severe human health risks. The functioning of the water supply and sewage systems is, moreover, frequently interrupted by power outages, which is also a source of water contamination. Over 90 per cent of water is used in irrigated agriculture and water losses in irrigation are high, comprising at least 40 per cent.

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