Environmental Performance Reviews: Tajikistan

Second Review

image of Environmental Performance Reviews: Tajikistan

The present publication takes stock of the progress made by Tajikistan in the management of its environment since the country was first reviewed in 2004. It assesses the implementation of the recommendations contained in the first review. This second Environmental Performance Review also covers 10 issues of importance to Tajikistan related to policymaking, planning and implementation, the financing of environmental policies and projects and the integration of environmental concerns into economic sectors, in particular the sustainable management and protection of water resources, waste management, climate change, forestry, biodiversity and protected areas and environmental health.

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Economic instruments and expenditures for environmental protection

The Government’s national development strategy puts the main emphasis on economic growth and poverty reduction. The challenge is to reconcile these goals with the need to address major environmental problems such as air, water and waste pollution, land degradation, and exposure to natural disasters. Environmental damage is estimated to have a considerable economic cost, including the costs of adverse health impacts, corresponding to some 5 per cent of GDP. Yet there are no effective institutional mechanisms in place that would foster the integration of environmental protection with the industrial development strategies. In other words, environmental protection is not mainstreamed into the development strategy for the economy as a whole.

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