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ESCWA Water Development Report 5

Issues in sustainable water resources management and water services in the Arab region

image of ESCWA Water Development Report 5

The Arab Ministerial Water Council (AMWC) took the initiative to establish a regional monitoring mechanism for water and sanitation services that builds upon indicators globally monitored under the UNICEF-WHO Joint Monitoring Program (JMP), and tasked ESCWA to lead its development and implementation. This regional initiative coincides in time, and reflects in context, the recent resolutions of the United Nations General Assembly and the Human Rights Council declaring the right to safe and clean drinking water and sanitation as a human right. This development will in turn influence the orientation of the anticipated water and sanitation target that will be included in the post-2015 development agenda based on the Rio+20 outcome document, “The Future We Want.”

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Water in the post-2015 development agenda

The lessons learned from formulating the MDG targets and indicators, and supporting reporting and monitoring of those indicators over the past decade is informing global, regional and local deliberations on how a post-2015 development agenda should look. Iterative debates are underway on structure and approach that will be applied in a post-2015 landscape. Among the major issues of discussion are the following: (a) whether a sectoral or cross-sectoral approach should be pursued related to the formulation of development goals; (b) whether global goals are preferable to regional and/or national goals that respond to different development needs and priorities; and (c) whether visionary goals or more practical, measurable goals should be adopted for guiding or inspiring greater progress over the coming decades. There is also discussion as to whether the post-2015 agenda should articulate SDGs or whether sustainable development is the overarching framework through which a new set of goals, targets and indicators will be formulated.

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