ESCWA Water Development Report 5

Issues in sustainable water resources management and water services in the Arab region

image of ESCWA Water Development Report 5

The Arab Ministerial Water Council (AMWC) took the initiative to establish a regional monitoring mechanism for water and sanitation services that builds upon indicators globally monitored under the UNICEF-WHO Joint Monitoring Program (JMP), and tasked ESCWA to lead its development and implementation. This regional initiative coincides in time, and reflects in context, the recent resolutions of the United Nations General Assembly and the Human Rights Council declaring the right to safe and clean drinking water and sanitation as a human right. This development will in turn influence the orientation of the anticipated water and sanitation target that will be included in the post-2015 development agenda based on the Rio+20 outcome document, “The Future We Want.”




The global community was proud to announce in 2012 that the global drinking water target articulated in MDGs had been met five years ahead of schedule. However, the countries of the water-scarce Arab region face the continuing challenge of providing safe and sufficient water, and improved sanitation to its growing population. There is high variability in access to drinking water and sanitation services among Arab countries, with some countries nearly fully reliant on desalination, such as GCC countries, while others are not able to secure sufficient investments to meet basic needs, such as LDCs and countries emerging from or existing in a state of conflict.


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