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ESCWA Water Development Report 5

Issues in sustainable water resources management and water services in the Arab region

image of ESCWA Water Development Report 5

The Arab Ministerial Water Council (AMWC) took the initiative to establish a regional monitoring mechanism for water and sanitation services that builds upon indicators globally monitored under the UNICEF-WHO Joint Monitoring Program (JMP), and tasked ESCWA to lead its development and implementation. This regional initiative coincides in time, and reflects in context, the recent resolutions of the United Nations General Assembly and the Human Rights Council declaring the right to safe and clean drinking water and sanitation as a human right. This development will in turn influence the orientation of the anticipated water and sanitation target that will be included in the post-2015 development agenda based on the Rio+20 outcome document, “The Future We Want.”

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Executive summary

At the United Nations Millennium Summit in September 2000, Member States adopted the Millennium Declaration. Among the outcomes of this Declaration were a set of global political commitments, namely, the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), aimed at tackling major challenges impeding socio-economic development. These formalize eight development goals, whose progress is monitored and reported upon through a series of targets and associated indicators for measuring achievement by the target year 2015.

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