ESCWA Water Development Report 5

Issues in sustainable water resources management and water services in the Arab region

image of ESCWA Water Development Report 5

The Arab Ministerial Water Council (AMWC) took the initiative to establish a regional monitoring mechanism for water and sanitation services that builds upon indicators globally monitored under the UNICEF-WHO Joint Monitoring Program (JMP), and tasked ESCWA to lead its development and implementation. This regional initiative coincides in time, and reflects in context, the recent resolutions of the United Nations General Assembly and the Human Rights Council declaring the right to safe and clean drinking water and sanitation as a human right. This development will in turn influence the orientation of the anticipated water and sanitation target that will be included in the post-2015 development agenda based on the Rio+20 outcome document, “The Future We Want.”



Access to water and sanitation: a change in direction

This report has sought to demonstrate the progress achieved by the Arab region in meeting the target related to access to improved water sources and sanitation facilities established through the global process that was launched by the Millennium Declaration and operationalized by the targets and indicators subsequently articulated in MDGs. In doing so, it has revealed some of the shortcomings of the current system for monitoring water supply and sanitation in the Arab region – and potentially in other regions – that face serious water scarcity constraints or challenges in terms of ensuring that a sufficient quantity and quality of water services are provided through existing infrastructure networks and installations.


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