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Mitigating Climate Change Through Investments in Fossil Fuel Technologies

A Synthesis Report Based on National Case Studies from Afghanistan, China, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Tajikistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan

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This report is the principal written deliverable of the project "Mitigating climate change through attracting foreign direct investment in advanced fossil fuel technologies", financed from the United Nations Development Account (UNDA). The project, implemented in 2010-2012, covered nine countries: Afghanistan, China, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Tajikistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan. The report takes into account findings of the national baseline studies, drafted for each of the nine countries between November 2011 and August 2012. The report summarizes and interprets the experiences, policies, and plans for the future of each country in developing a thermal electricity sector using advanced technologies that reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and exploit the countries’ fossil fuel resources.

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Findings and conclusions

The Problem: Thermal electricity generation every year emits a substantial share of the world’s CO2. Coal-fired plants are especially large contributors and the rapid growth in capacity of coal-fired power plants in the past 15 years has especially raised alarms about the sudden surge in carbon emissions and their deleterious effect on the climate. China and India have very large coal-burning electricity sectors and are the world’s first and third largest CO2 emitters—and their emissions have shown very strong growth in the past decade.

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