Multilateralization of the Nuclear Fuel Cycle

Helping to Fulfil the NPT Grand Bargain

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Multilateral fuel cycles and nuclear disarmament

If technical measures such as IAEA safeguards are by themselves insufficient to compensate for the imperfections of the nuclear non-proliferation regime, then certain institutional mechanisms—such as multilateralization of the nuclear fuel cycle—could serve to address these imperfections by changing how sensitive materials, facilities and technologies are managed. Generally, multilateral arrangements aim to denationalize sensitive fuelcycle activities by placing decisions on the operation of nuclear facilities, and on the disposition of their products, in the hands of a group of states or international organizations, rather than in the hands of individual states.


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