1887

Multilateralization of the Nuclear Fuel Cycle

Helping to Fulfil the NPT Grand Bargain

image of Multilateralization of the Nuclear Fuel Cycle

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Summary

The ongoing dissemination of nuclear knowledge and technology as well as the expected expansion of nuclear energy worldwide could lead to the further spread of sensitive nuclear technologies—enrichment of uranium, reprocessing of spent fuel and handling of plutonium. This would give states access to weapons-grade material, taking them a long way towards nuclear weapons even without violating the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), specifically without “diverting” special nuclear material and, therefore, without any possibility of being restrained by International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards designed to verify whether material has or has not been diverted.

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