Population and Development Report, Issue No. 7

Overcoming Population Vulnerability to Water Scarcity in the Arab Region

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Population dynamics can contribute to unsustainable patterns of production and consumption, and as a consequence to water scarcity that consists of the most significant environmental challenge in the Arab region. This report endeavors to analyze the nexus between population dynamics and water scarcity and to provide recommendations on how to improve policies and programmes addressing water scarcity in order to reduce vulnerability of particular population groups and enhance resilience of populations at risk. The report looks at water scarcity through a population lens in order to enable policymakers and governments to develop targeted and people-centered policies and programmes to tackle their water scarcity issues and to address its differential impact on specific population groups which might be more vulnerable to and less capable of coping with water scarcity.



Factors impacting vulnerability to water scarcity

The three pillars of development – social, economic and environmental – form a nexus. In order for this nexus to be sustainable, a more equitable distribution of resources and a move towards a green economy with sustainable consumption and production patterns are essential. To achieve this, development policies, including policies addressing water scarcity, should give due consideration to all three pillars of sustainable development. This approach was promulgated for the first time by the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development held in 1992.


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