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River basin commissions and other institutions for transboundary water cooperation

image of River basin commissions and other institutions for transboundary water cooperation
The UNECE Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes of 1992 places a significant emphasis on institutional cooperation between countries. It requires countries to enter into agreements and to establish joint bodies, such as river basin commissions and other institutions for transboundary water cooperation. This publication analyses structures and activities of joint bodies for transboundary water cooperation and presents recommendations for developing cooperation and establishing and improving joint bodies in the countries of Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia. It focuses particularly on aspects where existing joint bodies in Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia could improve their activities by strengthening institutional mechanisms. It describes major challenges and perspectives for cooperation in specific river basins.

English French, Russian

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Introduction

After the break-up of the former Soviet Union and the emergence of the independent States in its territory, many internal problems connected with use, distribution and protection of water resources have acquired transboundary character. Since the early 1990s, to a greater or lesser extent all countries in Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia (EECCA) have taken measures to establish transboundary cooperation in use and protection of water resources. Many have joined international conventions and agreements in this area and entered into new bilateral and multilateral agreements on transboundary waters which have provided for, among other measures, the establishment of joint bodies.

English French, Russian

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