The Rise of Environmental Crime

A Growing Threat to Natural Resources, Peace, Development and Security

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The environment provides the very foundation of sustainable development, our health, food security and our economies. Ecosystems provide clean water supply, clean air and secure food and ultimately both physical and mental wellbeing. Natural resources also provide livelihoods, jobs and revenues to governments that can be used for education, health care, development and sustainable business models. The role of the environment is recognized across the internationally agreed seventeen sustainable development goals adopted in 2015. However, the environment as the very foundation of sustainable development, peace and security is now at risk. Environmental crime is vastly expanding and increasingly endangering not only wildlife populations but entire ecosystems, sustainable livelihoods and revenue streams to governments. This publication examines these crimes and its effects, and makes recommendations for efforts to be put forward so that peace and sustainable development can prevail.



Fisheries crimes

According to the Food and Agriculture Organization, 29% of global fish stocks were overfished or extinct in 2011 and well over half of global fish stocks are fully exploited. At the same time, fish and fish-products are 20% of the source of animal protein for 3 billion people around the world and the fish and fish-farming industry secures the livelihoods of between 10 and 12 per cent of the global population, most of these in developing countries.


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