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International Committee on Global Navigation Satellite Systems (ICG)

The Way Forward - 10 Years of Achievement 2005-2015

image of International Committee on Global Navigation Satellite Systems (ICG)
The tenth anniversary of the International Committee on Global Navigation Satellite Systems (ICG) brings with it the opportunity to recognize and acknowledge the vital role that satellite technology has played as an innovative tool for sustainable development. The United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs, as the Executive Secretariat of the ICG, has worked with Member States to enhance the compatibility and interoperability of global navigation satellite systems (GNSS) constellations so that satellite technologies remain equally accessible for all. The ICG demonstrates tangible international cooperation where leading global satellite operators have coordinated their GNSS services to provide global coverage in satellite-based positioning, navigation, and timing, for the benefit of all. As a platform for open discussions and information exchange under the umbrella of the United Nations, the ICG promotes the use of GNSS technology for the management and protection of the environment, disaster risk reduction, agriculture and food security, emergency response, improving the efficiency in surveying and mapping, and to enhance the safety and effectiveness of transportation by land, sea and air.

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Introduction

The Third United Nations Conference on the Exploration and Peaceful Uses of Outer Space, held in 1999, adopted the resolution entitled “The Space Millennium: Vienna Declaration on Space and Human Development”, subsequently endorsed by the United Nations General Assembly. The Vienna Declaration called for action to improve the efficiency and security of transport, search and rescue, geodesy and other activities by promoting the enhancement of universal access to and compatibility among space-based navigation and positioning systems. In response to that call, in 2001, the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space established the Action Team on Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) to carry out those actions under the chairmanship of the United States of America and Italy.

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