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  • 19 Dec 2018
  • Guna Raj Bhatta
  • Pages: 20
The paper provides an analysis on the impact of external sector openness and financial sector development on per capita income in the South Asian economies of Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. For the annual series from 1980...
  • 19 Dec 2018
  • M. Govinda Rao, Sudhanshu Kumar
  • Pages: 23
The objective of the present paper is to demonstrate that despite several years of reform, the tax-GDP ratio in India is well below international standards and has been static over the last decade. Based on a crosscountry analysis of tax-GDP ratios...
Structural transformation – the movement of workers from low productivity to high productivity activities – is an essential ingredient of inclusive growth. In the present paper, evidence on why the pace of structural transformation has differed...
  • 19 Dec 2018
  • Anh Tru Nguyen, Janet Dzator, Andrew Nadolny
  • Pages: 37
Interest in contract farming is increasing because of its potential as an alternative channel for linking producers to international markets. However, there is limited knowledge on contract farming of tea production in Viet Nam, especially in more...
In the present paper, the effect of foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows on income inequality in Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) economies is investigated by using annual data for the period 1990–2015. The variables used are the Gini...
Informal employment is the norm in most of the developing world, with an over-representation of women. The majority of this work is informal self-employment, which is typically survival-oriented with few prospects and low returns. In spite of its...
  • 19 Nov 2018
  • United Nations
  • Pages: 14
Status of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, of the Agreement relating to the Implementation of Part XI of the Convention and of the Agreement for the Implementation of the Provisions of the Convention relating to the Conservation...
This paper conceptualizes recently negotiated international agreements, particularly the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, as a collective roadmap to overcome challenges associated with globalization. By analyzing the effects and implications...
The article addresses the impacts of remittances in recipient countries in North and Central Asia, noting the high level of dependence of many countries of the subregion on remittances. While remittances are found to produce positive short-term...
The article considers the relationship between migration from Central Asia to the Russian Federation and gender relations. In particular, the paper describes the age-sex composition of the migration flows from three countries of the subregion...
The article contains an outline of migration and taxation in the Russian Federation. The characteristics of migration, the legal and regulatory situation of migrant workers with regard to taxation, actual practices in this regard and the steps...
The literature on remittance flows has relatively little information on the impacts of remittance outflows on countries. The Russian Federation consistently ranks among the top remittance senders in the world, however the Russian case remains a...
  • 14 Nov 2018
  • United Nations
  • Pages: 14
Status of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, of the Agreement relating to the Implementation of Part XI of the Convention and of the Agreement for the Implementation of the Provisions of the Convention relating to the Conservation...
  • 09 Nov 2018
  • Stephen Devereux, Abdul-Gafaru Abdulai, Jose Cuesta, Jaideep Gupte, Luigi Peter Ragno, Keetie Roelen, Rachel Sabates–?Wheeler, Tayllor Spadafora
  • Pages: 35
Experience with urban social assistance programmes is still limited. Many of the existing urban programmes are extensions or duplicates of rural programmes, but urban-sensitive social protection needs to reflect the distinct vulnerabilities of the...
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