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This paper reviews evidence from both industrialized and developing countries on the relationship between labour market flexibility and employment. It is argued that the notion of flexibility and its impact is often oversimplified. Th e evidence,...
The current wave of globalization has profound labour market effects, accentuated, in many cases, by the current financial and economic crisis. This paper reviews general labour market trends and country examples, arguing that the current...
  • 04 Dec 1999
  • Víctor E. Tokman, Daniel Martínez
  • Pages: 18
This article analyses the reduction of labour costs as a factor which helps to raise the competitiveness of industrial enterprises. It first reviews non-wage labour costs, both for workers with permanent contracts and those with only temporary...
The 1980s witnessed the emergence of the concept “labour market flexibility” (LMF) in industrialized countries as well as in some developing countries. As a consequence of poor economic performance in the early 1980s, the view that the way in which...
Latin America is going through a simultaneous process of population ageing and growing predominance of precarious employment conditions which poses a challenge for contributory pension systems. The solvency of the basic pillars of the unfunded system...
There are over 100 million migrant workers living and working around the globe. Together with their families they represent most of the international migrants now estimated at 232 million people living outside their country of origin. Almost half are...
  • 09 Jan 2008
  • Piriya Pholphirul
  • Pages: 31
This paper analyses the impact of trade liberalization on the labour market in Thailand. The impacts on wages, employment, gender roles, labour standards and protection, human development and unionization are investigated. Such impacts vary among...
An oft-told tale of Lagos’s oncenotorious traffic jams is that of a taxi passenger stuck in a snarl-up who left the vehicle, wandered into a roadside restaurant to eat, drank a beer, took a nap and returned to the vehicle that had not moved an inch....
Programme managers must be aware that language may be a substantial barrier to the diffusion of reproductive health knowledge
  • 27 Dec 1985
  • Guillermo Maldonado Lince
  • Pages: 14
While it is true that some of the causes of the present situation in Latin America are of external origin and that there is little possibility that Latin America will be able to change them, it is no less true that, if the region is to grow it must...
I should like to begin by expressing our gratitude to the people and Government of Colombia, and most especially to President César Gaviria. First, for their unwavering support of the United Nations in general and the Economic Commission for Latin...
The present study analyzes the determinants of improving outcomes in education, health and basic sanitation and the macroeconomic trade-offs caused by scaling up public spending for the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), using an integrated...
This paper was prepared for the group of permanent representatives of Latin American countries at United Nations Headquarters in New York (GRULA).
In this paper, I intend to emphasize aspects of the present system of international economic relations in the monetary and financial area that create difficulties for an adequate insertion of Latin America in the world economy. I do not propose to...
This article questions the generally accepted theory that the international economy is being polarized into three regional nuclei: the United States, the European Economic Community, and Japan. In the light of trade and financial trends In the 1980s,...
  • 14 May 1991
  • Robert Devlin, Marline Guerguil
  • Pages: 27
This article explores Latin America’s prospects with regard to international finance and trade in the 1990s. It is concluded that the external environment will probably be unfavourable, although there will be some opportunities for supporting the...
  • 06 Jan 1976
  • José Medina Echavarria
  • Pages: 84
There are a number of indicators which point to the possibility that some slackening may be occurring in the rivalries between the great powers which may lead to the final solution of the “cold war” and the beginning of a period of stable and lasting...
  • 14 Dec 2007
  • Osvaldo Rosales, Mikio Kuwayama
  • Pages: 23
The high growth levels projected for China and India will make these two countries the most important pole of the global economy for the next few years, creating a market of great potential for Latin American and Caribbean exports. These markets had...
With the end of the 1970s at hand, by way of drawing up a general balance the author sketches the main features of Latin American development in the recent past and notes the main challenges which the region will have to face in the years to come. He...
  • 24 Apr 2010
  • Osvaldo Kacef, Rafael López-Monti
  • Pages: 27
This article analyses the most recent phase of growth in Latin America, lasting from 2003 to late 2008, and the way the different policies applied in this period lessened its countries’ vulnerability and gave them greater macroeconomic policy space...
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