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  • 03 Dec 2002
  • Jorge Chami Batista, João Pedro Wagner de Azevedo
  • Pages: 15
This article quantifies Brazil’s loss of U.S. market share to Mexico between 1992 and 2001 as a result of the entry into force of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). An expanded version of the constant market share model was used to...
Spanish
This paper examines the extent to which China’s entry into the World Trade Organization (wto) in 2001 and subsequent surge in global exports affected the composition of trade between the United States and Mexico through 2009. The authors found that...
Spanish
Over the past 10 years, the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) has launched a number of bold and innovative programmes. In some instances the plan is already scoring notable yet underreported gains. Africa Renewal highlights NEPAD’s...
French
Time matters for trade and its importance is likely to grow because of increasingly segmented production chains across countries and lean retailing, among other reasons.* Especially critical is the effectiveness of public entities that affect the...
In the author’s view, an important result of the economic reforms begun in Mexico in 1983, especially in the period after 1987, is that national private groups have assumed a leading place in the new economic model. These are not only traditional...
Spanish
Pandemics are for the most part disease outbreaks that become widespread as a result of the spread of human-to-human infection. 1 Beyond the debilitating, sometimes fatal, consequences for those directly affected, pandemics have a range of negative...
French
This amazing, spinning ball of rock and water, hurtling through space at more than 100,000 kilometres an hour, provides us with everything we need to live and be healthy. It’s a delicate balance, with various interconnected natural systems —...
This paper identifies the effects of natural disasters on economic development and living conditions in the Latin American and Caribbean region. On the basis of quantitative analyses and undertaken to assess the damage caused by the main natural...
Spanish
The economic growth of a country undoubtedly entails an environmental cost. This cost is much higher if development is based largely on the exploitation of natural resources. The existence of methods to detect and calculate this cost would afford...
Spanish
  • 31 Dec 1993
  • Fernando Sánchez Albavera
  • Pages: 16
This essay identifies the main points in the natural resources debate. After highlighting the issues of sovereignty, distribution of benefits, deterioration in the terms of trade, and the institutional structure of world markets, which have been...
Spanish
It was in the 1980s that proposals for the targeting or focusing of social expenditure on the poor gained ground. These proposals contrast universality and selectivity in terms of a dilemma in a disjunctive relationship; targeting or universal...
Spanish
  • 15 May 2018
  • Moritz Kraemer
  • Pages: 2
Conditions are conducive to human life in most inhabited areas much of the time, but nature can strike at almost any moment. When severe natural catastrophes hit densely populated and economically developed areas, these rare events bring large...
The planting of a small food garden this summer just outside United Nations headquarters in New York was more than a decorative effort by a gardener with a green thumb. It was one of many “Time to Serve” activities in the worldwide ‘Take Action,...
French
The central problem in macroeconomics is to determine to what extent variations in aggregate demand will fall exclusively on prices, or whether they will also have an impact on output. The Phillips curve was one answer to this question, but when this...
Spanish
Latín America is currently undergoing a strategic turnaround with far-reaching implications: from an inward-oriented form of development with heavy State intervention in production and the system of prices, to an outward-oriented development strategy...
Spanish
The devastating effect of the financial crisis has rekindled the debate in Latin America on development strategies. The short-term logic of the recessionary adjustment has proven to be unw orkable, and in order to find a solution the form ulation of...
Spanish
  • 31 Dec 1990
  • Osvaldo Sunkel, Gustavo Zuleta
  • Pages: 17
This article is a critical reflection on the long-term deveiopment strategies currentiy being proposed by the neo-liberal and neo-structuralist schools. Obviously, a given theoretical programme can turn out to be substantially different when put into...
Spanish
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