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Compendium of recommendations on population and development

Commission on population and development, 1994 –2014 (Volume I)

image of Compendium of recommendations on population and development
The Compendium of Recommendations on Population and Development: Commission on Population and Development (Vol. I) compares recommendations emanating from the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development with resolutions from the Commission on Population and Development. In addition, General Assembly resolutions on population and development since 1994 will be included in the Compendium as well. This Compendium will be prepared in time for the special session of the General Assembly on 22 September 2014 on the follow-up to the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development beyond 2014. The special session will mark the 20-year anniversary of the Programme of Action, and the Compendium will be an important and highly visible contribution to the event, informing Member States and the global public now and in the future.

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Reproductive rights and reproductive health

The Programme of Action called on countries to ensure that universal voluntary access to a full range of reproductive health-care information and services is achieved by 2015, recognizing also that sexual health is part of reproductive health. Reproductive rights were defined as the right and freedom of couples and individuals to make reproductive decisions free from coercion, discrimination and violence. Recognizing family planning as a means rather than a demographic end in itself, the Programme of Action emphasized that family planning programmes must enable couples and individuals to decide freely and responsibly the number and spacing of their children and to have in hand the information and means to do so. At the time of the Cairo Conference, HIV and AIDS were not high on the political agenda and were seen mostly in the context of sexually transmitted infections. Thus, the Programme of Action called for preventing, reducing the incidence of, and providing treatment for sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV and AIDS. It highlighted the relationship between human sexuality and gender relations, calling for equity and mutual respect between the genders regarding responsible sexuality. The Cairo Declaration called particular attention to the reproductive health needs of adolescents and urged that they be actively involved in the planning, implementation and evaluation of development activities concerning reproductive health, prevention of early pregnancies, sexuality education and prevention of HIV and AIDS.

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