Asia-Pacific Population Journal

For over two decades, the Asia-Pacific Population Journal (APPJ) has been taking the pulse of population and social issues unfolding in the region. Published by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), APPJ brings out high quality, evidence-based and forward-looking articles relevant for population policies and programmes in Asia and the Pacific. Prominent population experts, award-winning demographers, as well as lesser known researchers have been contributing articles, documenting over the years the evolution of thinking in this important sphere.


Declining fertility in Japan: Its mechanisms and policy responses

Global population growth has been slowing down over the past few decades primarily because of the almost universal reduction in fertility. From 1970 to 1975, the number of countries with below-replacement fertility was 19, increasing to 65 by the period from 2000 to 2005. The overwhelming majority of those low-fertility countries are in the developed regions. However, the number of countries in the developing regions with below-replacement fertility has been increasing substantially over the past three decades, reaching 19 in the recent past. The number of countries with lowest-low fertility, being those with a total fertility rate (TFR) below 1.3, has grown from 0 to 17 during the same period.


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