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Asia-Pacific Population Journal

For over two decades, the Asia-Pacific Population Journal (APPJ) has been taking the pulse of population and social issues unfolding in the region. Published by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), APPJ brings out high quality, evidence-based and forward-looking articles relevant for population policies and programmes in Asia and the Pacific. Prominent population experts, award-winning demographers, as well as lesser known researchers have been contributing articles, documenting over the years the evolution of thinking in this important sphere.

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Government-organized distant resettlement and Three Gorges Project, China

Resettlement of population displaced by major infrastructure projects is an important development issue with concerns about the economic, social and environmental consequences being paramount (World Bank, 2001; Cernea and McDowell, 2000; OED, 1998). Cernea and McDowell (2000:12) state that “the most widespread effect of involuntary displacement is the impoverishment of a considerable number of people”. They propose that socially responsible resettlement – that is, resettlement genuinely guided by equity considerations – can not only counteract this impoverishment but also generate benefits for both the national and local economy. The World Bank (2001) has indicated that the objectives in involuntary settlement should be as follows:

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