Inequality in Asia and the Pacific in the Era of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development

image of Inequality in Asia and the Pacific in the Era of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development

This publication reviews the region's inequality trends, challenges and achievements and identifies policy gaps across the three dimensions of inequality--inequality of outcome, inequality of opportunity and inequality of impact. It also discusses the potential impact of rapid and disruptive technological advances, such as machine learning, and puts forward a broad set of policy recommendations for reducing all forms of inequality for the effective implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and its core tenant of "leaving no one behind".



Inequality of impact: Environment and inequality

Leading on from the discussion of inequality of income and of opportunity, this chapter explores linkages between inequality and the natural environment, at a time when a clean and healthy environment is increasingly regarded as a human right. Firstly, the analysis looks at where inequalities of income and opportunity appear to coincide with damage to the natural environment. The second part is structured around the question of why and how human-induced environmental degradation tends to worsen socioeconomic inequality by having disproportionate impacts on poor and vulnerable groups and on low-income countries. The empirical analyses ask whether i) air-pollution is a factor that drives up inequality within countries; ii) conservation of natural capital can help reduce inequality within countries; and iii) climate change and natural disasters widen income inequality within countries?


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