Measuring the Economically Active in Population Censuses

A Handbook

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The Handbook provides guidance on the measurement of economic characteristics in population censuses, based on relevant experiences of countries, with a particular focus on the questions used and the requirements for processing of responses. The Handbook is intended to provide census planners with a variety of approaches to assess the questions and methods of collecting economic characteristics used in their national census, as they evaluate the performance in the past decade and plan for the 2010 round of censuses (2005-2014). Users of census results may also find the present text useful when evaluating the quality of census results.

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Descriptive characteristics for the main job

Once the currently economically active persons have been identified, the remaining economic topics refer only to that subset of the total in-scope census population. Two major issues must be decided: which job or jobs associated with the person should be the focus of the questions, and whether to put those questions to only the currently employed or to both the currently employed and the unemployed. The relevant characteristics of a job include status in employment, occupation, and place of work.

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