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Measuring the Economically Active in Population Censuses

A Handbook

image of Measuring the Economically Active in Population Censuses
The Handbook provides guidance on the measurement of economic characteristics in population censuses, based on relevant experiences of countries, with a particular focus on the questions used and the requirements for processing of responses. The Handbook is intended to provide census planners with a variety of approaches to assess the questions and methods of collecting economic characteristics used in their national census, as they evaluate the performance in the past decade and plan for the 2010 round of censuses (2005-2014). Users of census results may also find the present text useful when evaluating the quality of census results.

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Currently economically active population (labour force)

The labour force comprises all persons who, during the reference period, were either employed or unemployed as described below. Figure II illustrates the relationship between the total census population (the total population net of any groups excluded from the scope of the census, such as foreign diplomats), the labour force, the employed population, the unemployed population and the population not in the labour force. Thus the questions in the census questionnaire for determining the labour force should be directed at identifying those categories in a way that is clear, unambiguous and mutually exclusive.

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