Population and Development Report, Issue No. 5

Youth Exclusion in the ESCWA Region - Demographic, Economic, Educational and Cultural Factors

image of Population and Development Report, Issue No. 5
This publication is one of a series of analytical Reports issued by the Population and Social Development Section of the Social Development Division at the Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA). It aims to deepen knowledge of the interrelation between population and development issues. The fifth edition of this Report focuses on the millions of young people in the ESCWA member countries suffering multifaceted exclusion, which impede life progress of young people and reduce their integration in society. Expeditious short and medium term interventions within declared powerful youth policies guided by the World Program of Action for Youth to the Year 2000 and Beyond and best international practices are needed for national and regional development.



Social exclusion of youth

The concept of social exclusion of youth first appeared with the publication of the book The Excluded in 1974.8 The concept expressed the author’s pain at the failure of the growing French economy of the time to integrate certain groups, such as those with physical and mental disabilities. The author noted that a tenth of the French people were living in social and economic conditions that differ from those of the rest of population. The French social system had produced a disadvantaged social group living on the margins of traditional social structures. Social exclusion is therefore an element of social decay resulting from a persistent social rupture that detaches the individual from society. The implications and meanings of social exclusion, as a concept, were not limited to the specificities of the social and political situations in which it emerged, but were expanded and multiplied to include new social indications. The concept thus became a category that expands and varies with social and political transformations.


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