Population and Development Report

Third Issue - International Migration and Development in the Arab Region: Challenges and Opportunities

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The Report considers the trends and patterns of Arab migration; addresses international migration and its relevance to development in Arab countries by discussing the relationship between international migration and demographic changes, human development and migrant remittances and focuses on an analysis of the policies adopted by sending and receiving countries over various periods of time; in the past, present and future at the local, regional and international levels in the light of economic, social and political changes.



Conclusions and trends in the development of migration policies in the Arab region

Over the 30 years between the 1960s and 1990s, there was a clear division in the Arab region between labour sending and labour receiving countries. Oil played a major role in that division. Oil-producing countries and, in particular, the GCC States, have enormous oil wealth but insufficient manpower; whereas non-oil countries suffer from a deficit of capital and have an increasing surplus of labour. Given the demand of oil-producing countries for labour, the Arab region has become the third highest labour-receiving region in the world after North America and Europe.


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