State of World Population 2004

The Cairo Consensus at Ten - Population, Reproductive Health and the Global Effort to End Poverty

image of State of World Population 2004

This year’s report examines countries’ achievements and constraints in implementing the Cairo consensus, including efforts to improve the quality and reach of reproductive health programmes, promote women’s rights, improve maternal and child health and strengthen HIV prevention efforts. UNFPA’s report makes the case that mobilizing political will and increased funding by the international community is crucial if countries are to maintain and build on the gains of the past decade.

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Gender equality and women’s empowerment

The 1990s was an outstanding decade for bringing issues of reproductive health and rights, violence against women, and male responsibility for gender power relations to the centre of global and national debates on human rights and human development. The UN conferences of the 1990s, particularly the World Conference on Human Rights (Vienna, 1993), the ICPD (Cairo, 1994) and the Fourth World Conference on Women (Beijing, 1995), were central to a major paradigm shift in population policy.

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