Statistical yearbook for Asia and the Pacific 2014

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This publication presents data for the 58 ESCAP member countries, as well as world, regional, sub-regional and economic aggregates for comparison. It offers current trends and emerging topics in the Asia-Pacific region, grouped around the themes of people, the environment, the economy and connectivity. It provides the international and regional community with key indicators, objective analyses of the current trends and emerging issues, along with data and charts. In order to maximize the comparability, the data is sourced exclusively from international agencies that adhere to the official global statistical standards.




Of the 26 countries for which data were available in 2012, the number of people living with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) had increased since 2006 in 17 of them. This may be due to a variety of factors, including an increase in HIV testing and access to antiretroviral therapy (ART). Although the number of people living with HIV is increasing, in some countries the number of new infections has dropped by more than half since 2001, including India (a 57% reduction) and Papua New Guinea (a 79% reduction).


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