Statistical yearbook for Asia and the Pacific 2014

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This publication presents data for the 58 ESCAP member countries, as well as world, regional, sub-regional and economic aggregates for comparison. It offers current trends and emerging topics in the Asia-Pacific region, grouped around the themes of people, the environment, the economy and connectivity. It provides the international and regional community with key indicators, objective analyses of the current trends and emerging issues, along with data and charts. In order to maximize the comparability, the data is sourced exclusively from international agencies that adhere to the official global statistical standards.



Fiscal balance

During the period between 2010 and 2012, the region as a whole had a modest fiscal deficit of around 3.5%. However, some countries — namely, India, Japan, Kyrgyzstan, Maldives, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Timor-Leste — continue to have large fiscal deficits, over 5% of GDP. India, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan and Samoa were able to reduce their fiscal deficits in 2013. Timor-Leste’s fiscal deficit improved only marginally from 33.4% of GDP in 2012 to 27.1% in 2013, while fiscal balances deteriorated in Georgia, Indonesia, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Myanmar, Tajikistan and Viet Nam.


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