Statistical yearbook for Asia and the Pacific 2014

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This publication presents data for the 58 ESCAP member countries, as well as world, regional, sub-regional and economic aggregates for comparison. It offers current trends and emerging topics in the Asia-Pacific region, grouped around the themes of people, the environment, the economy and connectivity. It provides the international and regional community with key indicators, objective analyses of the current trends and emerging issues, along with data and charts. In order to maximize the comparability, the data is sourced exclusively from international agencies that adhere to the official global statistical standards.



Food security

Food security is built on four pillars, namely: availability, access, utilization and stability. The 1996 World Food Summit (WFS) defined food security as existing when all people at all times have access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to maintain a healthy and active life. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) measures food insecurity based on the severity of undernourishment defined in terms of a calorie intake of less than 1,800 calories per day. However, this figure can vary between 1630 and 2,000 calories depending on countries. The Global Hunger Index (GHI) of the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) is composed of three equally weighted indicators, namely: (a) the proportion of undernourished as a percentage of the population; (b) the proportion of children younger than 5 who are underweight, which is one indicator of child under nutrition; and (c) the mortality rate of children younger than 5. The Global Food Security Index developed by the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) combines measures of food affordability, availability, and quality and safety.


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