Ageing, Human Rights and Public Policies

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The book sets out the framework of rights-based social protection policies and how they apply to the particular situation of the elderly population and looks at the status of older persons in terms of income security, access to health and inclusive environments. It also examines the impacts of population ageing on social protection systems —pensions, health and social services— and gives a general overview of the state of play of older persons’ rights in national legislations and public policies implemented in the region. The publication concludes with a summary of the main challenges that population ageing poses to the building of democratic and inclusive societies and emphasizes the need to move forward in adapting policy responses to the demographic panorama of the coming decades.



Enabling environments and ageing in Latin America and the Caribbean

The demographic picture in the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean has altered profoundly in recent decades because of rapidly declining fertility and rising life expectancy. These changes have been a critical factor in shaping new living arrangements, with the result that there are now a host of new types of households and family arrangements (Arriagada, 2007).1 Families extending over three or even four generations have become common and although there are also older persons who live alone, this is less likely to be the case in Latin America and the Caribbean than in other regions of the world.


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