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Asia-Pacific Regional MDG Report 2011/12

Accelerating Equitable Achievement of the MDGs - Closing Gaps in Health and Nutrition Outcomes

image of Asia-Pacific Regional MDG Report 2011/12
Chapter 1, Taking stock of updated MDG status and trends, present the MDG progress in the Asia-Pacific region using the “traffic lights” method demonstrating the slow progress, off-track, on-track and early achiever MDG targets, highlighting the progress and challenges among countries in the region. The analysis will lead to the theme of the present report—concerns regarding inadequate progress on health-related MDG targeted. Part one of Chapter 2, Disparities in health-related MDG achievements, between and within countries Average achievements mask disparities, will contain an analysis of health-nutrition related disparities between country in levels and trends. Part two will cover within country disparities. Detailed analysis on priority issues of health, nutrition, water and sanitation will be presented highlighting disparities-inequalities between countries as well as within countries. Chapter 3, Analysis of policy approaches, will bring together the current state of play on how health related MDG targets are being addressed by countries in the region. Focus would also be on policy successes (and failures). Ground level evidence from the Asia-Pacific region, including good practices at the sub-national levels will be analyzed and highlighted for possible scale up and replication. Inputs from among UN and technical partner agencies were sought. Chapter 4, Conclusions and way forward, summarizes the main issues and recommendations for more equal MDG outcomes in the run up to 2015.

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Overview: Accelerating equitable achievement of the MDGs: Closing gaps in health and nutrition outcomes

The Asia-Pacific region has already taken considerable strides towards achieving the MDGs. Between 1990 and 2009 the region as a whole reduced the proportion of people living on less than $1.25 per day from 50 to 22 per cent, and as a result is firmly on track to meet the poverty goal. The region has also achieved the targets for a number of other goals. On gender, for example, it has successfully reduced gender inequality in primary, secondary and tertiary education. On health, it has begun to reduce the prevalence of HIV and has stopped the spread of tuberculosis. And on the environment, it has increased the proportion of land area that is covered by forests or has protected status, while also reducing the consumption of ozone-depleting substances. At the household level, it has more than halved the proportion of people without access to safe drinking water.

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