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HIV/AIDS and the Security Sector in Africa

image of HIV/AIDS and the Security Sector in Africa
Throughout history, communicable diseases have weakened the capacity of state institutions to perform core security functions, which compelled many African countries to initiate policies aimed at addressing the impact of HIV/AIDS on the armed forces, police and prisons. These policies address: 1) the role of peacekeepers in the spread or control of HIV, 2) public health versus human rights dilemma, 3) the gender dimensions of HIV in the armed forces, and 4) the impact of HIV on the police and prisons. While this volume does not address all aspects of the impact of HIV/AIDS on the security sector, the contributors nonetheless highlight the potentials and limits of existing policies in Africa’s security sector.

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The Zambia defence force: Considerations on peacekeeping and HIV/AIDS

The United Nations (UN), established on 24 October 1945 in the aftermath of World War II, has since then been dedicated, in the enduring words of the UN Charter, to saving “succeeding generations from the scourge of war”. Since its creation, the United Nations has been called upon to prevent disputes from escalating into war, to persuade opposing parties to use pacific means rather than the force of arms to settle disputes. In over five decades, the United Nations has provided the multilateral forum to contain or end numerous conflicts, in many cases through the deployment of peacekeepers.

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