HIV/AIDS and the Security Sector in Africa

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Throughout history, communicable diseases have weakened the capacity of state institutions to perform core security functions, which compelled many African countries to initiate policies aimed at addressing the impact of HIV/AIDS on the armed forces, police and prisons. These policies address: 1) the role of peacekeepers in the spread or control of HIV, 2) public health versus human rights dilemma, 3) the gender dimensions of HIV in the armed forces, and 4) the impact of HIV on the police and prisons. While this volume does not address all aspects of the impact of HIV/AIDS on the security sector, the contributors nonetheless highlight the potentials and limits of existing policies in Africa’s security sector.




“Securitization delivered a massive dose of adrenalin to the AIDS response. And whilst the most dire predictions of AIDS leading to destabilization and state failure did not materialize, this volume is a forceful reminder of the considerable and ongoing impact of the epidemic on Africa’s security sector—and the impact of uniformed personnel on the epidemic. A diverse set of African scholars, policymakers and serving personnel explore these dynamics in select African countries, providing unique and important contributions to discourse and policy reform to halt the transmission of HIV in conflict, post-conflict, prisons and police settings.”


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