Terminology and Information on Drugs

Third Edition

image of Terminology and Information on Drugs
The UNODC publication “Terminology and Information on Drugs” introduces basic concepts and materials on substances under international control, which are most frequently manufactured or processed and/or abused, as well as definitions of scientific terms used in this context. It seeks to collate basic concepts and information on drugs of abuse, their corresponding abuse patterns, pharmacological effects and potential medical use, and act as an accessible and user-friendly resource.

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Opioid is a generic term applied to opiates and their synthetic analogues, which can be semi-or fully synthetic, with actions similar to those of morphine. Therefore, opioids are commonly used as painkillers, for the treatment of acute and chronic pain, and as an anaesthetic during surgery. Synthetic opioids are structurally diverse, can be extremely potent, and include a variety of substances including a number of fentanyl derivatives, methadone, buprenorphine and AH-7921.

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