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Review of Developments in Transport in Asia and the Pacific 2011

image of Review of Developments in Transport in Asia and the Pacific 2011
This review is biennially produced by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP). It describes the environment within which the transport sector is developing and the principal challenges that this environment poses to governments, the transport industry and society at large. The publication also focuses on tracing the significant development of roads, railways, shipping, ports, inland waterways and air transport industries and infrastructure in the region. In addition, it considers the changing delivery mechanisms across all transport sectors and discusses urban transport issues. Finally, the review examines the process of globalization, trade agreements related to transport, regionalism, collocation of production transport facilities, as well as intermodal transport systems.

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Railways

While countries – especially developing ones – have been investing substantial amount of resources into funding the development of modern roads and highways, the enthusiasm for rail development has fluctuated over time. Since the late 1990s, concerns over issues such as greenhouse gases, fossil fuel dependency and energy efficiency have led to renewed interest in the inherent quality of rail. As a result, a number of governments are once again considering rail as a viable transport option and rail infrastructure development projects are once again on the agenda. However, the extent of rail infrastructure development and the utilization of the rail mode offer a contrasting picture across the region. Table II-1 below shows railway route-kilometres, defined as the sum of the distances (in kilometres) between the mid-points of all stations on the network, for a number of selected member countries in the ESCAP region as well as the most common track gauges in use in each country.

English

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